What is the origin of the word cotton?
The word cotton has Arabic origins, derived from the Arabic word قطن ( qutn or qutun ). This was the usual word for cotton in medieval Arabic. Marco Polo in chapter 2 in his book, describes a province he calls Khotan in Turkestan, today’s Xinjiang, where cotton was grown in abundance.
What is cotton fabric used for?
The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable, and durable textile. The use of cotton for fabric is known to date to prehistoric times; fragments of cotton fabric dated to the fifth millennium BC have been found in the Indus Valley Civilization, as well as fabric remnants dated back to 6000 BC in Peru .
What is cotton fibre?
The fiber is almost pure cellulose, and can contain minor percentages of waxes, fats, pectins, and water. Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, Egypt and India.
How did British textiles come to cloth the world?
Britain once produced half the worlds cotton cloth without growing a single scrap of the plant, so just how did British textiles come to cloth the world? By the middle of the 19th century, Britain was producing half the worlds cotton cloth, yet not a scrap of cotton was grown in Britain.
What are the characteristics of cotton fiber?
Properties of Cotton. Cotton is a soft fiber that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant. Cotton fiber grows in the seed pod or boll of the cotton plant. Each fiber is a single elongated cell that is flat twisted and ribbon-like with a wide inner hollow (lumen). 90% cellulose, 6% moisture and the remainder fats and impurities.
What is the origin of the cotton fiber?
Cotton is a natural fiber derived from cotton plants whose use dates back to the fifth millennium B.C.
What is Cotton made up of?
Cotton fibers are mainly made up of cellulose. Cellulose does not form unless temperatures are over 70 °F (21 °C). The cotton fibers are attached to the seeds inside the boll of the plant.
How many fibers are in a cotton boll?
The cotton fibers are attached to the seeds inside the boll of the plant. There are usually six or seven seeds in a boll and up to 20,000 fibers attached to each seed. The length of these fibers (also called staples) is the main determining factor in the quality of the cotton.