Triticum

triticum

What is the scientific name of Triticum?

Triticum L. (Wheat) is a Genus of Triticeae Tribe, Pooideae Subfamily, Poaceae Subfamily. Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East but now cultivated worldwide.

What is Triticum rufescens Steud?

Triticum rufescens Steud. nom. inval. Triticum speltoides Flaksb. nom. inval. Spelt ( Triticum spelta ), also known as dinkel wheat or hulled wheat, is a species of wheat that has been cultivated since approximately 5,000 BC.

What is the difference between Triticum turgidum and durum?

Durum wheat, Triticum turgidum subsp., durum Desf. (also known as T. durum) is distinguished from common wheat, T. aestivum, by its genetic, morphological, and physiological traits. The grain shape is more elongated; its endosperm has an amber color; and its texture is glassy and very hard to crush.

What is Triticum turgidum ssp?

Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccoides is the probable wild progenitor of cultivated tetraploid wheat. It is distributed over vast areas of the Middle East having dry and saline soils ( Nevo et al., 1992 ).

Is Triticum sativum the same as wheat?

Triticum sativum Lam. Triticum vulgare Vill. Triticum aestivum subsp. aestivum - MHNT. Common wheat ( Triticum aestivum ), also known as bread wheat, is a cultivated wheat species. About 95% of wheat produced worldwide is common wheat; it is the most widely grown of all crops and the cereal with the highest monetary yield.

What is Triticum aestivum?

Triticum aestivum subsp. aestivum - MHNT Common wheat ( Triticum aestivum ), also known as bread wheat , is a cultivated wheat species. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] About 95% of wheat produced worldwide is common wheat; [6] it is the most widely grown of all crops and the cereal with the highest monetary yield.

How many species of Triticum are there?

The genus Triticum includes a wide range of species, but only two species are grown commercially to a large extent: Triticum aestivum—bread or common wheat, which is genetically hexaploid with genomes A, B and D; Triticum durum—macaroni or durum wheat, genetically tetraploid, with genomes A and B (see Chapter 6).

What is the origin of Triticum?

Triticum species. Carbonized grains dating to at least as early as 6750 B.C. have been found in Iraq, and many other findings in Eastern Mediterranean countries are nearly as old. The Middle East is probably the area of origin, and wheat apparently spread throughout Europe not later than the Stone Age.

Is Triticum turgidum durum wheat salt sensitive?

Durum wheat ( Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum Desf.) is relatively salt sensitive compared to bread wheat ( T. aestivum L.), and yields poorly on saline soil ( Munns and James, 2003 ). Field studies indicate that roots of durum wheat do not proliferate as extensively as bread wheat in saline soil.

What is another name for Triticum turgidum?

Taxonomy browser (Triticum turgidum subsp. durum) Triticum turgidum subsp. durum Taxonomy ID: 4567(for references in articles please use NCBI:txid4567) current name Triticumturgidumsubsp. durum (Desf.) Husn. homotypic synonym: Triticumdurum Desf. Triticumdurumssp. durum Triticumdurumsubsp. durum Triticumrigidumssp. durum Triticumrigidumvar. durum

Is durum wheat the same as wheat?

Durum wheat, or Triticum turgidum, is the second most cultivated species of wheat after bread wheat, which is also called common wheat or Triticum aestivum. ). ). , 4 ). Durum wheat is a variety of spring wheat that’s typically ground into semolina and used to make pasta.

What is the scientific name for durum?

Other more scientific names used for durum are Triticum turgidum subsp. Durum or merely Triticum durum. This type of wheat was developed by artificially selecting domesticated emmer wheat strains that were previously grown in the central parts of Europe as well as the Near East as early as 7000 BC.

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